The issue of illegal migration has been at the heart of the international news for a few days with the event of the pact of Marrakesh that made a lot of ink and caused demonstrations in Europe. this seemingly thorny issue has attracted much more attention since CNN, through a video that has certainly traveled the world, highlighting the inhuman and even exclusionary treatment of African migrants in Libya. This therefore deserves reflection. a profound observation of the comments of those who embark on this perilous journey towards the European “El Dorado” presents irregular migration as a necessity, or the analysis of the behavior of the inhabitants of certain European countries chosen as destinations by these migrantspresents illegal migration as a scourge.we are wondering whether it is indeed a scourge or a necessity?
Migration itself is the most natural thing in human behavior. It is in man’s nature to move from point A to point B it is this which explains the multiple efforts of the States living to devote the principle in their multiple international agreements. We can mention the free movement of people and goods in the ECOWAS area and the principle of Shengen space in Europe. It must be emphasized that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights regards migration as a right. Seen in this light, one can begin by understanding the thesis of irregular migration as a necessity. It should be emphasized that irregular migrants are much more reliant on the difficult living conditions that can be explained by the situations of permanent political, economic, social and cultural crises that African countries seem to have been experiencing for years. the latter therefore opt for irregular migration which, despite the risk of insecurity, remains the easiest option for them because they do not slide on travel documents for the most part and are pressured by the ardent desire to emerge from poverty. a whole family is fast.
for the partisans of the thesis of the scourge, one can understand their position when one takes into consideration the massive turn that the movement of migration seemed to take. it must also be admitted that the European countries are also strongly affected by the economic crisis and find themselves in a dynamic of redefinition of priorities; This will not necessarily provide the funding needed to take care of migrants.
It should be remembered that what is systematically questioned by the majority is the degrading and even exclusionary treatment of irregular migrants.
a deep analysis of the issue allows us to understand that irregular migration is neither a scourge nor a necessity, it is a social situation that can be better framed as follows:
1-A national education approach;
it is necessary to educate the people that engage in such risky journey about the different processes of regular migration, and human rights. The myth of the “European Eldorado” should be taken out of our minds. an education on the need for Africans to contribute to the development of the continent by staying there and opening the door to cultural, economic and political. integration.
2- A National political approach;
reinforce political strategies for creating wealth and jobs for young people, easing legal migration processes if they are inaccessible and actively and intensely cut down the various of smugglers of irregular migration networks. It appears to be quite a very beneficial business for smugglers to engage people in illegal migrations. They make impressive money out of it and seemingly organize the activity very well, form marketing to ability to go over the borders controls. Actions must definitely be taken to put an end to their activity and their existence, breaking down the various means of illegal migrations.
3-.An International Approach;
it aims at puting in place the diplomatic measures necessary for a more humane to migration, whether legal or illegal. We could say that the pact of Marrakesh is a starting point. However, it appears that several international are already existent, the only issue is their application on the field, the respects of those values and principles pertaining to the treatment of migrants. All of them suffer from the same trouble awaiting this new pact of Marrakesh: no way to make it compulsory when it comes to respecting the various dispositions. A situation that highly understandable when we take in account the notion of sovereignty of States and mostly the diversity of national interests and priorities as well as national policies are concerns. Is therefore relevant to build up new mechanisms or documents to regulate e treatment of migrants while it is extremely difficult sometimes to apply the existing regulations?